This was reflected in the fourth generation Grand Marquis' styling shifting over to the more generic look of the third gen Crown Victoria, combining elements of both vehicles into one model that would serve both customer bases. Alongside the adoption of a single-DIN radio unit (phased in across all Ford vehicles), the 8-track cassette player and CB radio options were discontinued; control of the horn shifted from the turn signal stalk to the steering wheel.[8]. For 1974, the Grand Marquis nameplate made its first appearance, introduced as an interior trim package of the Marquis Brougham.

In 2010, the Grand Marquis marked 35 years of production, overtaking the Cougar as the longest-produced nameplate sold by the Mercury brand. In 1985, gas-charged shock absorbers were standardized for the model line, with load-leveling rear air suspension introduced as an option.

"use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives.

[3] For 1975, Mercury discontinued the Monterey (a Mercury nameplate since 1950), with the Marquis becoming the sole full-size Mercury product line.

Marketed as the flagship Mercury nameplate, the Grand Marquis competed against the Buick Electra, Oldsmobile 98 and Chrysler New Yorker (and New Yorker Fifth Avenue).

The Mercury Grand Marquis is an automobile that was sold by the Mercury division of Ford Motor Company from 1975 to 2011. [8][17] The dashboard was completely redesigned, adopted the horizontal speedometer used by Ford (using a silver background); for the first time, a temperature gauge was included alongside the fuel gauge.[17].

By the time of the ruling, Brown was in junior high, a grade level that had been integrated before the 1954 court ruling. Jim Brown is a record-holding, former NFL fullback who has been elected to his sport's Hall of Fame and has also worked as a model and film actor. The trunk and taillight trim was simplified with more contemporary badging.

These were the only post-1992 Grand Marquis variants produced for North America to be equipped with dual exhaust. In 2005, due to several mechanical modifications, several changes are made.
While the closure of Mercury was announced during 2010, Mercury produced a limited run of 2011 vehicles. Although reduced in size, the Grand Marquis would retain the basic suspension design of its predecessor, with a live rear axle suspension and double wishbone independent front suspension, with coil springs at all four wheels. Linda Tripp was a former civil servant who worked at the Pentagon during the Clinton-Lewinsky sex scandal. The Grand Marquis was left as the sole full-size Mercury; for the first time since 1951, the division produced a single sedan nameplate (alongside the Colony Park station wagon).

In the front, to improve cooling, a larger grille introduced the Grand Marquis to the Mercury waterfall-style grille trim. Roland Zenbeats is a music creation app designed to keep you in an effortless artistic flow. Produced across three generations, the Grand Marquis was offered nearly exclusively as a four-door sedan; a two-door sedan was marketed from 1975 to 1986. In Kuwait, the LS model (M7F) was not available to the general public in 2010, as they are heavily sold to fleet buyers, such as the Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Health and state-owned Kuwait Oil Company, where they are given to employees as fringe benefits.

In an effort to improve handling, the front and rear suspension were redesigned along with the brakes. As with the Marquis Brougham, the Grand Marquis was equipped with the 460 V8; 4-wheel disc brakes were offered as an option.

From 1998, the GCC-spec Mercury Grand Marquis was fitted with the 40/20/40 split front seats of the Lincoln Town Car (in place of a 50/50 split bench).

American singer Linda Ronstadt is an award-winning superstar of both pop and country music.

For 31 years, the Grand Marquis and Crown Victoria were functionally identical twins, built together on the same assembly line in Canada with only minor trim styling separating them. Venez vous joindre à eux ! For 2000 and early 2001, a 3.55 rear axle was used; other versions used a 3.27 rear axle. [17] In another change, the engine was converted to coil-on-plug ignition along with fail-safe cooling using a dual-speed electric fan.[17]. Development began in early 1987, with a design approval in 1988, January 14, 1991 start of production, and March 21, 1991 introduction.[20][21].

During its production, the Grand Marquis was sold throughout North America, although it was not always badged as a Mercury.

In a change similar to the 2003 Town Car redesign, the heavily rounded bumpers seen on the Grand Marquis since 1992 gave way to a squared-off lower look. [17] The traction control (which remained an option) was revised to work at any speed (rather than only low speeds). This was due to the elementary schools in Topeka being racially segregated, with separate facilities for Black and white children. For the album by Joe McPhee and Johnny McClellan, see, The Encyclopedia of American Cars, 2006 Edition, Objects in mirror are closer than they appear, "Mercury rolls into history with build of final Grand Marquis", "Directory Index: Mercury/1974 Mercury/1974_Lincoln-Mercury_Brochure", "Detailed specs review of 1986 Mercury Grand Marquis 4-Door offered since October 1985 for North America U.S.", "Detailed specs review of 1983 Mercury Grand Marquis 4-Door Sedan offered since October 1982 for North America U.S.", "Detailed specs review of 1984 Mercury Grand Marquis 4-Door offered since September 1983 for North America U.S.", "Detailed specs review of 1984 Mercury Grand Marquis 4-Door offered since September 1983 for North America Canada", "Detailed specs review of 1986 Mercury Grand Marquis 4-Door 5.8L V-8 HO offered since October 1985 for North America U.S. Police use",, "BEHIND THE WHEEL/Mercury Grand Marquis; Rear Drive but Refusing to Retire: A Case of Modern Maturity",, "Ford Motor Company December 2010 US Sales", "Ford Motor Company December 2011 US Sales",, Pages using infobox automobile with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ford Grand Marquis (Canada, Mexico, and Venezuela), 221 hp (224 PS) (dual exhaust; GCC export), Ford 4R70W 4-speed overdrive automatic (2003-2005), 155 hp (116 kW; 157 PS) (1984-1985, Canada), 210 hp (213 PS) (dual-exhaust; trailer-towing or handling package), 239 hp (242 PS) (dual-exhaust; LSE, export), LS (LSE limited to mid-2001 to mid-2003 and 2005, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 20:08. The Panther platform served as the basis for Grand Marquis design for 32 years.

A 2.73 rear-axle ratio was paired with single-exhaust engines; as part of the handling package, a numerically higher rear-axle ratio was used.
LS models are distinguished by front cornering lamps. The handling package was standard equipment on LS-trim export models. The first-generation Grand Marquis was built on the rear-wheel drive Ford Panther platform.

The LS Ultimate Edition remains a Fleet model and differed slightly from the GS, equipped with leather seats, electronic automatic temperature control (EATC), and an automatically dimming rear-view mirror. The chrome trim was deleted from the column-mounted gear shifter and the turn signal lever. Ford AOD-E 4-speed overdrive automatic (1993-1994). As part of the 1988 revision, the interior was updated with all-new seats (distinguished by taller head restraints), an updated dashboard (with more wood trim and revised gauges). For 1993, the hydraulically controlled AOD transmission was replaced by the electronically controlled AOD-E transmission.

To upgrade handling, the Grand Marquis was available with an Export Handling Package as an option.

Brown passed away in her longtime hometown of Topeka on March 25, 2018.

While the Panther platform was carried over from 1991, an all-new engine would be used for the 1992 Grand Marquis. As the Grand Marquis became a distinct model line for 1983, its powertrain underwent several revisions. All versions of the Grand Marquis were sold with variants of the AOD 4-speed overdrive automatic transmission.

For 2008, the Handling and Performance Package as well as the 5-passenger front bucket-seat option were both discontinued; both were similar to the Crown Victoria's LX Premium Sport and Handling Package.

[17] In 1995, the AOD-E was replaced the heavier-duty 4R70W transmission;[17] it was shared with the Lincoln Mark VIII and Town Car.

Brown continued living in Topeka as an adult, raising a family and continuing her desegregation efforts with the area's school system. For 1983, as the Grand Marquis became a distinct model line, the grille and taillamps were redesigned.

The LS was a Fleet model, which was heavily de-contented, losing once-standard features such as an overhead console with compass and a power passenger seat. For 2011, the long wheelbase GSL was replaced by the GS, and the LS model was made available again to the general public in Kuwait. All were fitted with the High Ambient Temperature and Speed Package, heavy-duty battery, and an auxiliary transmission fluid cooler. In line with the rest of Ford Motor Company vehicles sold in North America, aerodynamics and fuel economy played a large role in the design of the new Grand Marquis. For 2003 and 2004, it was sold alongside the revival of the Mercury Marauder.

As part of the 1988 model update, the standard-trim Grand Marquis became the GS (in line with the Topaz and Sable). Linda Brown was the child associated with the lead name in the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education, which led to the outlawing of U.S. school segregation in 1954. The standard 4.2L V8 was discontinued, with a 130 hp fuel-injected 4.9L V8 (rounded up to 5.0L by Ford) becoming the sole engine offering. To upgrade handling stability, the three-link rear axle (in use on large Fords since 1965) was replaced by a four-link rear axle with a Watt's linkage, though a solid rear axle was retained. It is equipped like an LS model, with standard features such as an 8-way power driver's seat (2 way manual passenger seat), side airbags, leather-wrapped steering wheel, automatically dimming rearview mirror, electronic climate control, power-adjustable pedals, premium sound system with CD and cassette, 17-inch wheels with 235/55WR17 Goodyear Eagle RS-A tires, heated door mirrors, fog lights and special "GSL" badging.

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